Job Market Paper
Nonbank Market Power in Leveraged Lending
Abstract: Banks finance their lending to risky firms by selling these loans to nonbank financial institutions. Among these nonbanks, collateralized loan obligations (CLOs) provide the bulk of funds. I show that CLO managers have significant market power, which enables them to extract lender-friendly loan terms. Their market power results from switching costs faced by the bank. One source of switching costs is information asymmetries across CLO managers that arise during underwriting. To identify my results, I construct a new instrument using novel data on mergers in the CLO industry. I provide the first analysis of these mergers and their determinants.
Bitcoin’s Limited Adoption Problem
with Kose John and Fahad Saleh
Journal of Financial Economics, May 2022, Vol. 144(2), pp. 101–126
Journal - SSRN
Abstract: We demonstrate theoretically that Bitcoin’s limited adoption arises as an equilibrium outcome rather than as a short-lived property. Our results are driven by negative network effects which arise due to Bitcoin’s need for consensus and the existence of network delay. As the Bitcoin network expands, network delay grows thereby prolonging the time needed for generating consensus. In turn, transaction settlement becomes prolonged, and users abandon the system, yielding limited adoption. Increasing transaction rates fails to solve this problem because increasing transaction rates increases fork probabilities which prolongs the consensus process and generates limited adoption.
Loan Sales and Zombie Lending
Abstract: How do loan sales affect lending incentives of banks in distress? A bank's loan book ties the bank's health to that of its borrowers. Consequently, undercapitalized banks may have a "perverse incentive" to protect their regulatory balance sheets by extending loans to their otherwise insolvent firms. I find that loan sales in good times can alleviate this so-called zombie lending motive by limiting the loss a bank has to recognize in case of default. My results highlight that the separation of origination from the holding of credit can have positive financial stability implications.
The Changing Landscape of Corporate Loan Pricing
with Anthony Saunders and Sascha Steffen